Nelson Mandela (Black Pimpernel)
- Nelson Mandela
- Birth: 18 July 1918
- Death: 5 December 2013
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1958 in Muezzo, Eastern Cape, South Africa to Gedla Henry Mphakeniswa and his third wife, Nekufi Noskeni. He was the first of his mother Noskanei and the third of 13 brothers among all the father’s children. Mandela’s father, Henry Muezzo, was a tribal chieftain of the town.
In the local language, Sardar’s son was called Mandela, from which he got his surname. His father gave him the first name ‘Rolihla’, which in search means “rowdy”. His mother was Methodist. Mandela completed his elementary education at ClarkberryMissionary school. His subsequent schooling was from the Methodist Missionary School. Her father died when Mandela was 12 years old. Mandela had three marriages which led to his six children. He had 17 grandchildren in his family. In October 1944, he married Evelyn Mess, sister of his friend and colleague Walter Sisulu. Mandela was tried for treason in 1961 but was found innocent by the court. During the same trial, he met his second wife Nojamo Winnie Medikizala.
On his 80th birthday in 1998, he married Grace Meckle.
Nelson Mandela was the first ex-president of South Africa. Before becoming President, he was the President of the African National Congress and its armed group Umkhonto Sizwe, which had been protesting apartheid for centuries in South Africa. Due to the anti-apartheid struggle, he spent 27 years in prison at Robben Island where he had to work as a coal miner.
He created a new South Africa after an agreement with the government in 1990. He becomes a symbol of opposing apartheid in South Africa and all over the world. The United Nations decided to celebrate his birthday as
Nelson Mandela International Day.
Nelson Mandela was very much an advocate of non-violent paths like Mahatma Gandhi. He considered Gandhi a source of inspiration and learned from him the lesson of non-violence.
The people of South Africa widely regarded Mandela as the “Father of the Nation.” In Johannesburg 2004 the statue of Mandela was installed in the Sandton Square Shopping Centre and the center was renamed Nelson Mandela Square. In South Africa, they are often called Madiba, which is an honorific word for the elderly.
Mandela has been awarded more than 250 honors and awards by various countries and institutions of the world;
- 1993 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with former South African President Frederick Willem de Clarke
- President medal of freedom
- Order of Lenin
- Bharat Ratna
- Gandhi Peace Prize on 23 July 2008
Motivational Quotes of Nelson Mandela
Be passionate. “Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do.”
I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
Live life as though nobody is watching, and express yourself as though everyone is listening.
One of the most difficult things is not to change society — but to change yourself.
As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.
A winner is a dreamer who never gives up.
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
To be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.
If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.
There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.
It always seems impossible until it’s done.
When people are determined they can overcome anything.
I never lose. I either win or learn.
There can be no greater gift than that of giving one’s time and energy to help others without expecting anything in return.